Being able to print multi-page documents as a booklet in Sacramento 95842 by adjusting the print settings in any windows application is crucial. Make sure that you save the configuration shortcut for future use.
Booklet Printing Services in Sacramento Explained
For starters, if you’re looking for printing services in Sacramento 95842 you’ll probably save time, money, and headaches if you hired or called a professional or commercial printer in Sacramento 95842.
But, if you want to try and go for printing on your own, here’s what you should do:
First, open the print dialog box from the application where you are printing for most applications.
Click file and then print or press ctrl + P on your keyboard.
Select your printer from the drop-down menu or selection box and then click properties preferences or printer properties depending on the application.
Copying a Document to Booklet Format on HP Enterprise MFPs - FutureSmart 4 | HP Printers | HP
Click the printing shortcuts tab select a printing shortcut from the list to use as a base. This is because the shortcut will not save correctly unless you have selected a previously created shortcut. If you’re having trouble with this process, make sure to contact your nearest Commercial Printer in Sacramento 95842.
Paper Quality with Booklet Printing Services in Sacramento?
Next, you’re going to want to click the paper quality tab and then select the paper size of the original document. Then, click the finishing tab and finally, click the print on both sides check box.
From here, it’s smart to click the booklet layout drop-down menu and then select a binding option change your page orientation if desired.
Let’s head over and click the effects tab followed by a click on the ‘print document on option’ and then select your paper size from the drop-down menu.
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Moving forward, click the output tab from the staple drop-down menu, select fold and stitch to fold and staple the booklet automatically return to the printing shortcuts tab. At RushMyPrints – your areas best Printing Services in Sacramento 95842, we found that following these steps below really makes the process go smoothly for you.
Here we’re going to have you click save as type a shortcut name in the text field and then click OK.
One more time, you’ll have to click OK followed by selecting print in order to print fold and staple the Booklet Printing Services or documents according to your settings you desired!
Booklet Printing Services in Marketing For Sacramento
Booklet Printing Services throughout history, have been known to be very successful for marketing, educating and gaining awareness. Especially if you’re a startup company that needs a printing service right now.
Incorporate booklet printing into your marketing efforts for a sure way to get results.
Booklets Printing in Sacramento 95842 can help you to become an expert in your field.
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When putting together your booklet or Bulk Order Printing Services, don’t for get to incorporate images because visuals are the best way to catch a customer’s attention.
Booklets help demonstrate your products and services making purchasing easy.
My name is Katy Garnier and the class thatI taught this year was the 3D modeling and prototyping class.
This class had two objectives: first, just to get them familiar with using 3D modeling software.
The second objective was just to get themthinking about a design process where you start with an idea and you endup with a physical product.
So the primary assignment was for them to create an interlocking toy set, construction toy set system, for kids who arein, like, kindergarten to second grade.
So, as much as we could, we modeled a typicalproduct design process that, you know, a toy company would go through.
You start with a discovery period.
You research the realm that you’re workingin so, in this case, it was toys.
Safety was very much a concern for the age-groupthat we’re looking at, they had to research the safety guidelines, so there’s the kind-ofanalytical research part of it, but then, in discovery, there’s also taking to your audience,watching them play, in this case, asking them about their toys, really getting asense of what they want.
The next step was for them to take those findingsand synthesize those into design ideas.
And then, they modeled those in the3D programs, printed out prototypes.
What we worked on first was just, was theiridea of how these pieces were gonna fit together really gonna work? This is a prototype, and not all the sidesfit together that well, so we’ve been spending some time trying to refine the design.
Here’s a slightly updated version.
You can’treally see it, but we put in a little bit more space between the interlocking sides.
We wanted to see if that wouldhelp it stick together more easily.
So really important to any design processis going through a series of iterations and really, like, testing out what you’ve done, andcoming back to the drawing board and saying, like, ‘How do we address that?’ ‘Howdo we fix that?’ and then testing again.
We went through a few iterations of these.
But, eventually, we came up with this.
Being able to, in a few hours, print out aprototype of something is immensely powerful.
We can just realize a vision of somethingin a day, or a few days, or a week, that wasn’t even possible a few years ago.
I don’t think we know yet, where this is going.
C Hope Photography Video Business Card
Also, studies show booklet printing is a successful and affordable way to reach an audience and gain their trust.
If you like to read more about booklet printing go to RushMyPrints.
And visit our Market Smarts Section.
RushMyPrints is your source for high quality quick turn booklet printing services and Bulk Order Printing.
From programs to posters or booklets the sky is the limit with RushMyPrints in Sacramento
Most importantly, we are 100% custom and able to fulfill even the most complex projects. We are able to take your order and deliver Rush Printing Services in a jiffy.
RushMyPrints offers both heat-set web and sheetfed printing which means your project will always be printed the most efficient way while providing excellent quality.
We specialize in printing for corporate publishing, and agency professionals who expect nothing less than impeccable quality and hassle free project management.
Get your instant quote now at RushMyPrints.
Why Should Startups use Rush Printing Services in Sacramento 95842?
- Hey there botstars.
Kelly Noble Mirabella here andI am excited to talk to you about how your chatbotcan help you as you are out networking at all thehottest conferences of 2019.
So are you kind of totallyover business cards? I mean, carrying these things around.
(cards fall) It can be a little much.
So, here is a solution for you.
Why not build a networking chatbot? That's right, you can use ascan code and create a flow that specifically createsa digital business card, and I'm gonna show you how.
Are you ready? Let's do this.
Okay there bot stars sothe way I'm gonna show you how to build this bad boyis just show you what I did and hopefully that willget your juices flowing.
Now remember, this is your business card, so you can build it any way you want.
So the first thing you wantto do is go to growth tools, and you're gonna create a new growth tool.
The growth tool is goingto be the scan code, and as you can see here I havemy scan code already created.
So once you pop in hereyou're going to want the opt in message isgonna be the first message.
So let's go ahead and go in there, and I'll show you how I built mine.
So this is a pretty straight forward flow that I built out for SocialMedia Marketing World 2018, and then I'm just kindof updating it for today.
So they scan the code and thenthey get this first message.
It says welcome first name,I am so excited that we met.
In case you forgot whoI am, here is my face.
And you see I have my picture here, and then a couple secondsdelay, and then it says, I look different with my glasses off, but you get the drift becausein real life I wear glasses.
I always have trouble remembering people after an event like this soI thought this would help.
Nice to put a name to a face, am I right? And then they have the quick replies: absolutely right, faces arehard, and learn about Kelly.
So then absolutely right andfaces are hard go right here.
It says I love meeting new people.
By the way, this message isbeing sent via my Facebook page.
Feel free to learn moreabout me over there as well.
Because the message will be sent out via Stella Media Marketing, so I wanted them to put thename and the brand together.
Let's get to know each other over a bit and connect even more.
So then they say let'sdo this or maybe later.
If they do maybe later, I said, no problem, I mean, chancesare we're chatting right now because we're networking.
When you are ready to learn more about me and connect more justcome back and say hi.
In the meantime, you can learn more about the various waysto connect with me here.
And then they can say allthese ways they connect and it'll bring them back here.
Now if they said, let's do this, it says, first things first.
Here are my social medialinks so we can connect in more places includingmy private Facebook group where I'm pretty active.
So it says check out my website.
Here's my Facebook group.
Those are both links out and then more ways to connectwhich brings them over here.
Fun, I'm all about diversifying.
You can find me on Twitter and Instagram under the username @stellar247 or feel free to emailme at kelly@stellar247.
I also give them the ability to email me right then and there whichI've set up as a mail to, as you can see.
Then, if they wanted to schedule a call, I actually have a flow setup for Acuity Call Scheduling and you can check outthis video right now.
It's in the upper corner there on how to set up yourown Acuity Scheduling if you use Acuity for scheduling.
So I have a flow for that.
They can check me out onmy personal Facebook page.
Or they can learn more about Baby Got Bot which takes them to this flow, and it says, so you'reinterested in chat bots.
I have this little gifthat I have of myself.
Totally awesome right? Soyou're interested in chatbots? Well, you have come to the right place.
I love chatbots so much so I have a private Facebookgroup dedicated to chat bots as well as an 80s themeseries of chatbot videos, and then that will not onlytag them for chatbot interests but also send them to my Facebook group and also to my YouTube channel.
And that's it, I mean that'spretty straight forward.
So now we'll go back into the bot.
It's been published, andthen you go to the next step, and it creates your Messengercode as you see right there, and you download thatand then what I do is you could either create a sticker, put this on a business card.
I actually just save thisimage on my cell phone, so that as I'm networking, I just have people scanit right then and there.
Wasn't that totally awesome? Now if you want a little bit more in depth training on howto set up your scan code, you can check out that right there.
It's gonna take you to atutorial on how to do that.
But really quick, I wannashow you one other really cool and very key pointthat's gonna be important if you're gonna use yourchatbot and the scan code for your digital businesscard, and that is, how do you easily make itso that people can scan? Now this is a stickingpoint for a lot of people.
They're like, it's not that easy to show someone how to scan those codes.
But it actually is and I'mgonna show you a hack right now.
Let me jump on my phoneand show you how it's done.
Okay, so your first stepis to open Facebook.
Go up into Messenger andall you have to do is open the camera and, oohthere's my shoes (laughs), and hold down, and as you cansee here, in this circle here, you are able to scan a code.
So there you go, that's it.
Really easy right? Okay, now you know that thisis totally the way to go and you don't have to carrybusiness cards around any longer and you can connect withtons of people very easily.
I hope that you foundthis tutorial helpful.
Let me know, are you usingchatbots in you networking? I'd love to hear your creative ways that you're using them toconnect with more people.
Let me know in the comments below.
Also, let me know whatconferences you're going to.
I'm gonna be heading over toSocial Media Marketing World here this month so ifyou're heading there, I'd love to meet up with you and say hi.
Otherwise, you can meet me digitally over in my Baby Got Botcommunity over on Facebook and become an official botstar.
Come on over, the water's fine.
You can check out the link tothat in the description below.
If you want to learn moreabout chatbots be sure to check out the videoson that list right there and you can check outall of the past videos that I've done here on the channel.
And if you enjoyed this video, be sure to give me thatthumbs up and subscribe.
Hit the bell button so you're notified when new content hits thechannel which is every week.
Thank you so much for tuningin and have a bot-tastic day.
Downtown Sacramento Printers
In computing, a printer is a peripheral devicewhich makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
The first computer printer designed was amechanically driven apparatus by Charles Babbage for his difference engine in the 19th century;however, his mechanical printer design was not built until 2000.
The first electronic printer was the EP-101,invented by Japanese company Epson and released in 1968.
The first commercial printers generally usedmechanisms from electric typewriters and Teletype machines.
The demand for higher speed led to the developmentof new systems specifically for computer use.
In the 1980s were daisy wheel systems similarto typewriters, line printers that produced similar output but at much higher speed, anddot matrix systems that could mix text and graphics but produced relatively low-qualityoutput.
The plotter was used for those requiring highquality line art like blueprints.
The introduction of the low-cost laser printerin 1984 with the first HP LaserJet, and the addition of PostScript in next year's AppleLaserWriter, set off a revolution in printing known as desktop publishing.
Laser printers using PostScript mixed textand graphics, like dot-matrix printers, but at quality levels formerly available onlyfrom commercial typesetting systems.
By 1990, most simple printing tasks like fliersand brochures were now created on personal computers and then laser printed; expensiveoffset printing systems were being dumped as scrap.
The HP Deskjet of 1988 offered the same advantagesas laser printer in terms of flexibility, but produced somewhat lower quality output(depending on the paper) from much less expensive mechanisms.
Inkjet systems rapidly displaced dot matrixand daisy wheel printers from the market.
By the 2000s high-quality printers of thissort had fallen under the $100 price point and became commonplace.
The rapid update of internet email throughthe 1990s and into the 2000s has largely displaced the need for printing as a means of movingdocuments, and a wide variety of reliable storage systems means that a "physical backup"is of little benefit today.
Even the desire for printed output for "offlinereading" while on mass transit or aircraft has been displaced by e-book readers and tabletcomputers.
Today, traditional printers are being usedmore for special purposes, like printing photographs or artwork, and are no longer a must-haveperipheral.
Starting around 2010, 3D printing became anarea of intense interest, allowing the creation of physical objects with the same sort ofeffort as an early laser printer required to produce a brochure.
These devices are in their earliest stagesof development and have not yet become commonplace.
== Types of printers ==Personal printers are primarily designed to support individual users, and may be connectedto only a single computer.
These printers are designed for low-volume,short-turnaround print jobs, requiring minimal setup time to produce a hard copy of a givendocument.
However, they are generally slow devices rangingfrom 6 to around 25 pages per minute (ppm), and the cost per page is relatively high.
However, this is offset by the on-demand convenience.
Some printers can print documents stored onmemory cards or from digital cameras and scanners.
Networked or shared printers are "designedfor high-volume, high-speed printing".
They are usually shared by many users on anetwork and can print at speeds of 45 to around 100 ppm.
The Xerox 9700 could achieve 120 ppm.
A virtual printer is a piece of computer softwarewhose user interface and API resembles that of a printer driver, but which is not connectedwith a physical computer printer.
A virtual printer can be used to create afile which is an image of the data which would be printed, for archival purposes or as inputto another program, for example to create a PDF or to transmit to another system oruser.
A 3D printer is a device for making a three-dimensionalobject from a 3D model or other electronic data source through additive processes inwhich successive layers of material (including plastics, metals, food, cement, wood, andother materials) are laid down under computer control.
It is called a printer by analogy with aninkjet printer which produces a two-dimensional document by a similar process of depositinga layer of ink on paper.
== Technology ==The choice of print technology has a great effect on the cost of the printer and costof operation, speed, quality and permanence of documents, and noise.
Some printer technologies do not work withcertain types of physical media, such as carbon paper or transparencies.
A second aspect of printer technology thatis often forgotten is resistance to alteration: liquid ink, such as from an inkjet head orfabric ribbon, becomes absorbed by the paper fibers, so documents printed with liquid inkare more difficult to alter than documents printed with toner or solid inks, which donot penetrate below the paper surface.
Cheques can be printed with liquid ink oron special cheque paper with toner anchorage so that alterations may be detected.
The machine-readable lower portion of a chequemust be printed using MICR toner or ink.
Banks and other clearing houses employ automationequipment that relies on the magnetic flux from these specially printed characters tofunction properly.
=== Modern print technology ===The following printing technologies are routinely found in modern printers: ==== Toner-based printers ==== A laser printer rapidly produces high qualitytext and graphics.
As with digital photocopiers and multifunctionprinters (MFPs), laser printers employ a xerographic printing process but differ from analog photocopiersin that the image is produced by the direct scanning of a laser beam across the printer'sphotoreceptor.
Another toner-based printer is the LED printerwhich uses an array of LEDs instead of a laser to cause toner adhesion to the print drum.
==== Liquid inkjet printers ==== Inkjet printers operate by propelling variablysized droplets of liquid ink onto almost any sized page.
They are the most common type of computerprinter used by consumers.
==== Solid ink printers ==== Solid ink printers, also known as phase-changeprinters, are a type of thermal transfer printer.
They use solid sticks of CMYK-coloured ink,similar in consistency to candle wax, which are melted and fed into a piezo crystal operatedprint-head.
The printhead sprays the ink on a rotating,oil coated drum.
The paper then passes over the print drum,at which time the image is immediately transferred, or transfixed, to the page.
Solid ink printers are most commonly usedas colour office printers, and are excellent at printing on transparencies and other non-porousmedia.
Solid ink printers can produce excellent results.
Acquisition and operating costs are similarto laser printers.
Drawbacks of the technology include high energyconsumption and long warm-up times from a cold state.
Also, some users complain that the resultingprints are difficult to write on, as the wax tends to repel inks from pens, and are difficultto feed through automatic document feeders, but these traits have been significantly reducedin later models.
In addition, this type of printer is onlyavailable from one manufacturer, Xerox, manufactured as part of their Xerox Phaser office printerline.
Previously, solid ink printers were manufacturedby Tektronix, but Tek sold the printing business to Xerox in 2001.
==== Dye-sublimation printers ==== A dye-sublimation printer (or dye-sub printer)is a printer which employs a printing process that uses heat to transfer dye to a mediumsuch as a plastic card, paper or canvas.
The process is usually to lay one colour ata time using a ribbon that has colour panels.
Dye-sub printers are intended primarily forhigh-quality colour applications, including colour photography; and are less well-suitedfor text.
While once the province of high-end printshops, dye-sublimation printers are now increasingly used as dedicated consumer photo printers.
==== Thermal printers ==== Thermal printers work by selectively heatingregions of special heat-sensitive paper.
Monochrome thermal printers are used in cashregisters, ATMs, gasoline dispensers and some older inexpensive fax machines.
Colours can be achieved with special papersand different temperatures and heating rates for different colours; these coloured sheetsare not required in black-and-white output.
One example is Zink (a portmanteau of "zeroink").
=== Obsolete and special-purpose printingtechnologies === The following technologies are either obsolete,or limited to special applications though most were, at one time, in widespread use.
==== Impact printers ====Impact printers rely on a forcible impact to transfer ink to the media.
The impact printer uses a print head thateither hits the surface of the ink ribbon, pressing the ink ribbon against the paper(similar to the action of a typewriter), or, less commonly, hits the back of the paper,pressing the paper against the ink ribbon (the IBM 1403 for example).
All but the dot matrix printer rely on theuse of fully formed characters, letterforms that represent each of the characters thatthe printer was capable of printing.
In addition, most of these printers were limitedto monochrome, or sometimes two-color, printing in a single typeface at one time, althoughbolding and underlining of text could be done by "overstriking", that is, printing two ormore impressions either in the same character position or slightly offset.
Impact printers varieties include typewriter-derivedprinters, teletypewriter-derived printers, daisywheel printers, dot matrix printers andline printers.
Dot matrix printers remain in common use inbusinesses where multi-part forms are printed.
An overview of impact printing contains adetailed description of many of the technologies used.
===== Typewriter-derived printers ===== Several different computer printers were simplycomputer-controllable versions of existing electric typewriters.
The Friden Flexowriter and IBM Selectric-basedprinters were the most-common examples.
The Flexowriter printed with a conventionaltypebar mechanism while the Selectric used IBM's well-known "golf ball" printing mechanism.
In either case, the letter form then strucka ribbon which was pressed against the paper, printing one character at a time.
The maximum speed of the Selectric printer(the faster of the two) was 15.
5 characters per second.
===== Teletypewriter-derived printers ===== The common teleprinter could easily be interfacedto the computer and became very popular except for those computers manufactured by IBM.
Some models used a "typebox" that was positioned,in the X- and Y-axes, by a mechanism and the selected letter form was struck by a hammer.
Others used a type cylinder in a similar wayas the Selectric typewriters used their type ball.
In either case, the letter form then strucka ribbon to print the letterform.
Most teleprinters operated at ten charactersper second although a few achieved 15 CPS.
===== Daisy wheel printers ===== Daisy wheel printers operate in much the samefashion as a typewriter.
A hammer strikes a wheel with petals, the"daisy wheel", each petal containing a letter form at its tip.
The letter form strikes a ribbon of ink, depositingthe ink on the page and thus printing a character.
By rotating the daisy wheel, different charactersare selected for printing.
These printers were also referred to as letter-qualityprinters because they could produce text which was as clear and crisp as a typewriter.
The fastest letter-quality printers printedat 30 characters per second.
===== Dot-matrix printers ===== The term dot matrix printer is used for impactprinters that use a matrix of small pins to transfer ink to the page.
The advantage of dot matrix over other impactprinters is that they can produce graphical images in addition to text; however the textis generally of poorer quality than impact printers that use letterforms (type).
Dot-matrix printers can be broadly dividedinto two major classes: Ballistic wire printersStored energy printersDot matrix printers can either be character-based or line-based(that is, a single horizontal series of pixels across the page), referring to the configurationof the print head.
In the 1970s and '80s, dot matrix printerswere one of the more common types of printers used for general use, such as for home andsmall office use.
Such printers normally had either 9 or 24pins on the print head (early 7 pin printers also existed, which did not print descenders).
There was a period during the early home computerera when a range of printers were manufactured under many brands such as the Commodore VIC-1525using the Seikosha Uni-Hammer system.
This used a single solenoid with an obliquestriker that would be actuated 7 times for each column of 7 vertical pixels while thehead was moving at a constant speed.
The angle of the striker would align the dotsvertically even though the head had moved one dot spacing in the time.
The vertical dot position was controlled bya synchronised longitudinally ribbed platen behind the paper that rotated rapidly witha rib moving vertically seven dot spacings in the time it took to print one pixel column.
24-pin print heads were able to print at ahigher quality and started to offer additional type styles and were marketed as Near LetterQuality by some vendors.
Once the price of inkjet printers droppedto the point where they were competitive with dot matrix printers, dot matrix printers beganto fall out of favour for general use.
Some dot matrix printers, such as the NECP6300, can be upgraded to print in colour.
This is achieved through the use of a four-colourribbon mounted on a mechanism (provided in an upgrade kit that replaces the standardblack ribbon mechanism after installation) that raises and lowers the ribbons as needed.
Colour graphics are generally printed in fourpasses at standard resolution, thus slowing down printing considerably.
As a result, colour graphics can take up tofour times longer to print than standard monochrome graphics, or up to 8-16 times as long at highresolution mode.
Dot matrix printers are still commonly usedin low-cost, low-quality applications such as cash registers, or in demanding, very highvolume applications like invoice printing.
Impact printing, unlike laser printing, allowsthe pressure of the print head to be applied to a stack of two or more forms to print multi-partdocuments such as sales invoices and credit card receipts using continuous stationerywith carbonless copy paper.
Dot-matrix printers were being supersededeven as receipt printers after the end of the twentieth century.
===== Line printers ===== Line printers print an entire line of textat a time.
Four principal designs exist.
Drum printers, where a horizontally mountedrotating drum carries the entire character set of the printer repeated in each printablecharacter position.
The IBM 1132 printer is an example of a drumprinter.
Drum printers are also found in adding machinesand other numeric printers (POS), the dimensions are compact as only a dozen characters needto be supported.
Chain or train printers, where the characterset is arranged multiple times around a linked chain or a set of character slugs in a tracktraveling horizontally past the print line.
The IBM 1403 is perhaps the most popular,and comes in both chain and train varieties.
The band printer is a later variant wherethe characters are embossed on a flexible steel band.
The LP27 from Digital Equipment Corporationis a band printer.
Bar printers, where the character set is attachedto a solid bar that moves horizontally along the print line, such as the IBM 1443.
A fourth design, used mainly on very earlyprinters such as the IBM 402, features independent type bars, one for each printable position.
Each bar contains the character set to beprinted.
The bars moves vertically to position thecharacter to be printed in front of the print hammer.
In each case, to print a line, preciselytimed hammers strike against the back of the paper at the exact moment that the correctcharacter to be printed is passing in front of the paper.
The paper presses forward against a ribbonwhich then presses against the character form and the impression of the character form isprinted onto the paper.
Each system could have slight timing issues,which could cause minor misalignment of the resulting printed characters.
For drum or typebar printers, this appearedas vertical misalignment, with characters being printed slightly above or below therest of the line.
In chain or bar printers, the misalignmentwas horizontal, with printed characters being crowded closer together or farther apart.
This was much less noticeable to human visionthan vertical misalignment, where characters seemed to bounce up and down in the line,so they were considered as higher quality print.
Comb printers, also called line matrix printers,represent the fifth major design.
These printers are a hybrid of dot matrixprinting and line printing.
In these printers, a comb of hammers printsa portion of a row of pixels at one time, such as every eighth pixel.
By shifting the comb back and forth slightly,the entire pixel row can be printed, continuing the example, in just eight cycles.
The paper then advances and the next pixelrow is printed.
Because far less motion is involved than ina conventional dot matrix printer, these printers are very fast compared to dot matrix printersand are competitive in speed with formed-character line printers while also being able to printdot matrix graphics.
The Printronix P7000 series of line matrixprinters are still manufactured as of 2013.
Line printers are the fastest of all impact printersand are used for bulk printing in large computer centres.
A line printer can print at 1100 lines perminute or faster, frequently printing pages more rapidly than many current laser printers.
On the other hand, the mechanical componentsof line printers operate with tight tolerances and require regular preventive maintenance(PM) to produce top quality print.
They are virtually never used with personalcomputers and have now been replaced by high-speed laser printers.
The legacy of line printers lives on in manycomputer operating systems, which use the abbreviations "lp", "lpr", or "LPT" to referto printers.
==== Liquid ink electrostatic printers ====Liquid ink electrostatic printers use a chemical coated paper, which is charged by the printhead according to the image of the document.
The paper is passed near a pool of liquidink with the opposite charge.
The charged areas of the paper attract theink and thus form the image.
This process was developed from the processof electrostatic copying.
Color reproduction is very accurate, and becausethere is no heating the scale distortion is less than ±0.
(All laser printers have an accuracy of ±1%.
) Worldwide, most survey offices used this printerbefore color inkjet plotters become popular.
Liquid ink electrostatic printers were mostlyavailable in 36 to 54 inches (910 to 1,370 mm) width and also 6 color printing.
These were also used to print large billboards.
It was first introduced by Versatec, whichwas later bought by Xerox.
3M also used to make these printers.
==== Plotters ==== Pen-based plotters were an alternate printingtechnology once common in engineering and architectural firms.
Pen-based plotters rely on contact with thepaper (but not impact, per se) and special purpose pens that are mechanically run overthe paper to create text and images.
Since the pens output continuous lines, theywere able to produce technical drawings of higher resolution than was achievable withdot-matrix technology.
Some plotters used roll-fed paper, and thereforehad minimal restriction on the size of the output in one dimension.
These plotters were capable of producing quitesizable drawings.
=== Other printers ===A number of other sorts of printers are important for historical reasons, or for special purposeuses Digital minilab (photographic paper)Electrolytic printers Spark printerBarcode printer multiple technologies, including: thermal printing, inkjet printing, and laserprinting barcodes Billboard / sign paint spray printersLaser etching (product packaging) industrial printersMicrosphere (special paper) == Attributes == === Printer control languages === Most printers other than line printers acceptcontrol characters or unique character sequences to control various printer functions.
These may range from shifting from lower toupper case or from black to red ribbon on typewriter printers to switching fonts andchanging character sizes and colors on raster printers.
Early printer controls were not standardized,with each manufacturer's equipment having its own set.
The IBM Personal Printer Data Stream (PPDS)became a commonly used command set for dot-matrix printers.
Today, most printers accept one or more pagedescription languages (PDLs).
Laser printers with greater processing powerfrequently offer support for variants of Hewlett-Packard's Printer Command Language (PCL), PostScriptor XML Paper Specification.
Most inkjet devices support manufacturer proprietaryPDLs such as ESC/P.
The diversity in mobile platforms have led to various standardizationefforts around device PDLs such as the Printer Working Group (PWG's) PWG Raster.
=== Printing speed ===The speed of early printers was measured in units of charactersper minute (cpm) for character printers, or lines per minute (lpm) for line printers.
Modern printers are measured in pages perminute (ppm).
These measures are used primarily as a marketingtool, and are not as well standardised as toner yields.
Usually pages per minute refers to sparsemonochrome office documents, rather than dense pictures which usually print much more slowly,especially colour images.
Speeds in ppm usually apply to A4 paper inEurope and letter paper, about 6% shorter, in the United States.
=== Printing mode ===The data received by a printer may be: A string of charactersA bitmapped image A vector imageA computer program written in a page description language, such as PCL or PostScriptSome printerscan process all four types of data, others not.
Character printers, such as daisy wheel printers,can handle only plain text data or rather simple point plots.
Pen plotters typically process vector images.
Inkjet based plotters can adequately reproduceall four.
Modern printing technology, such as laserprinters and inkjet printers, can adequately reproduce all four.
This is especially true of printers equippedwith support for PCL or PostScript, which includes the vast majority of printers producedtoday.
Today it is possible to print everything (even plain text) by sending ready bitmappedimages to the printer.
This allows better control over formatting,especially among machines from different vendors.
Many printer drivers do not use the text modeat all, even if the printer is capable of it.
=== Monochrome, colour and photo printers=== A monochrome printer can only produce an imageconsisting of one colour, usually black.
A monochrome printer may also be able to producevarious tones of that color, such as a grey-scale.
A colour printer can produce images of multiplecolours.
A photo printer is a colour printer that canproduce images that mimic the colour range (gamut) and resolution of prints made fromphotographic film.
Many can be used on a standalone basis withouta computer, using a memory card or USB connector.
=== Page yield ===The page yield is number of pages that can be printed from a toner cartridge or ink cartridge—beforethe cartridge needs to be refilled or replaced.
The actual number of pages yielded by a specificcartridge depends on a number of factors.
For a fair comparison, many laser printer manufacturersuse the ISO/IEC 19752 process to measure the toner cartridge yield.
=== Cost per page ===In order to fairly compare operating expenses of printers with a relatively small ink cartridgeto printers with a larger, more expensive toner cartridge that typically holds moretoner and so prints more pages before the cartridge needs to be replaced, many peopleprefer to estimate operating expenses in terms of cost per page (CPP).
=== Business model ===Often the "razor and blades" business model is applied.
That is, a company may sell a printer at cost,and make profits on the ink cartridge, paper, or some other replacement part.
This has caused legal disputes regarding theright of companies other than the printer manufacturer to sell compatible ink cartridges.
To protect their business model, several manufacturersinvest heavily in developing new cartridge technology and patenting it.
Other manufacturers, in reaction to the challengesfrom using this business model, choose to make more money on printers and less on theink, promoting the latter through their advertising campaigns.
Finally, this generates two clearly differentproposals: "cheap printer – expensive ink" or "expensive printer – cheap ink".
Ultimately, the consumer decision dependson their reference interest rate or their time preference.
From an economics viewpoint, there is a cleartrade-off between cost per copy and cost of the printer.
=== Printer steganography === Printer steganography is a type of steganography– "hiding data within data" – produced by color printers, including Brother, Canon,Dell, Epson, HP, IBM, Konica Minolta, Kyocera, Lanier, Lexmark, Ricoh, Toshiba and Xeroxbrand color laser printers, where tiny yellow dots are added to each page.
The dots are barely visible and contain encodedprinter serial numbers, as well as date and time stamps.
=== Wireless printers ===More than half of all printers sold at U.
retail in 2010 were wireless-capable, butnearly three-quarters of consumers who have access to those printers weren't taking advantageof the increased access to print from multiple devices according to the new Wireless PrintingStudy.
== See also.